The name comes from the Latin word “sapphirus” and Greek “sappheiros”, which mean “blue stone”. However, it’s believed that these cultures were referring to the stone lapis lazuli rather than sapphire.
Many people assume all sapphires are blue. However, the sapphire comes in several other colors (called “fancy sapphires”) including pink, violet, green, yellow, orange, colorless, and more. One exception is red, which is classified as the ruby.
Usually, when jewelers use the word “sapphire” alone, they mean blue sapphire. Any other color will appear with the word for clarification.
Sapphires are mined in various parts of the world, including Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Brazil, among others.